Article

The Modeling and Assessment of Work Performance

This article addresses the current state of the literature regarding the modeling and assessment of performance in a work role. The focus is on individual performance. It is the basic building block on which the entire economy is based (Kim & Ployhart 2014). Without individual performance there is no team performance, no unit performance, no organizational performance, no economic sector performance, no GDP. (more…)

By Rusdin Tahir, ago
Article

A Theory of Individual Differences in Task and Contextual Performance

This article describes a theory of job performance that assumes that job performance is behavioral, episodic, evaluative, and multidimensional. It defines job performance as the aggregated value to the organization of the discrete behavioral episodes that an individual performs over a standard interval of time. It uses the distinction between task and contextual performance to begin to identify and define underlying dimensions of the behavioral episodes that make up the performance domain. The theory predicts that individual differences in personality and cognitive ability variables, in combination with learning experiences, lead to variability in knowledge, skills, and work habits that mediate effects of personality and cognitive ability on job performance. An especially important aspect of this theory is that it predicts that the kinds of knowledge, skills, work habits, and traits that are associated with task performance are different from the kinds that are associated with contextual performance. Starting from the conventional wisdom that job performance is essentially the degree to which an individual helps the organization reach its goals (Campbell, 1983), we assume that job performance is behavioral, episodic, evaluative, and multidimensional. (more…)

By Rusdin Tahir, ago
Article

JOB PERFORMANCE

Individual performance is of high relevance for organizations and individuals alike. Show­ing high performance when accomplishing tasks results in satisfaction, feelings of self-efficacy and mastery (Bandura, 1997; Kanfer et al., 2005). Moreover, high performing individuals Read more…

By Rusdin Tahir, ago